- November 8, 2012
Some helpful advice from The Infants' Home about children's early speech development.
Speech pathologists at The Infants’ Home use this articulation chart to check children’s speech sounds and to talk with families and educators about the best ways to encourage a child's development.
The chatter of many 2-3 year olds can be difficult to understand at times, especially to unfamiliar people. But by the time a child reaches 3 or 4 years of age, they are usually easy to understand almost all of the time.
By the time children reach school age, their speech should be clear enough so that they can:
Speech sound difficulties can be caused by a variety of factors:
It is never part of typical development for a child to:
By 3 ½ years of age it is not typical for a child to:
By 4 ½ years of age it is generally not typical for a child to:
In kindergarten most children will learn to use r and v correctly in their speech. The th sound may come in kindergarten or a little later (generally between 6-8 years of age).
There should be no other errors in their speech sounds. Generally, a kindergarten child can talk clearly and confidently.
Does your child have any speech sound errors that would not be expected at their age?
Do family members or others find it difficult to understand your child?
Does you child become frustrated with their difficulties or withdraw from social interaction because of their difficulties?
Is your child’s speech limited to only a few sounds?
Can you hear sound errors in your child’s speech that do not seem to be present in other children the same age as your child?
Has your child’s teacher expressed concerns about their speech sounds or overall intelligibility?
If you answered YES to any of these questions, you may want to seek advice from a speech pathologist.
It is recommended that this chart is used as a guide and can be added to the fridge door as a reminder of when it is appropriate to encourage specific sounds.
You can get further information or make an individual appointment by calling:
The SpOT Children’s Clinic
The Infants’ Home
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