Helping children and families for almost 145 years
The Infants' Home is a dynamic, innovative organisation championing the rights of children, women and families
Established in 1874
Incorporated by Act of NSW Parliament in 1924
From its controversial beginnings as a rescue operation for abandoned children to the multi-faceted early childhood education operation of today
15 May 1874
The establishment of the Sydney Foundling Institute
Sydney was a harsh city in its early years, especially for unmarried mothers. With nowhere to turn tragically they often abandoned their babies or turned to infanticide and suicide.
In 1874 a group of courageous women fought against accepted wisdom, the Church, the press and prominent citizens of the day to establish a home for abandoned infants and unmarried mothers with children.
On 15 May 1874 they established the Sydney Foundling Institute in Victoria Street, Darlinghurst – the first and only home in Australia to cater for abandoned children and to provide accommodation for unmarried mothers and their babies.
1876 - 1897
The Early years
After two difficult years at Darlinghurst, philanthropist Thomas Walker, an early supporter, suggested The Infants’ Home relocate to bigger premises. Walker, a successful pastoralist and banker, paid £3,000 in 1876 to buy the current 4.5 acre property in Henry Street Ashfield which he donated to The Infants’ Home.
By 1889 there were 130 children and 67 mothers residing at The Infants’ Home, even though the property was fitted to accommodate only 65 children and 30 women.
The first kindergarten was opened in 1897 when The Infants’ Home realised that young children needed stimulation. The mothers in residence needed help in learning how to care for small children and were provided with training in valuable skills as a way to support their futures.
1924 - 1937
The Infants’ Home was incorporated under an Act of Parliament in 1924, and established its first long day care centre in 1936. 1937 was a breakthrough year for The Infants’ Home when it recorded zero infant mortality for the first time.
Through two World Wars, the Great Depression, outbreaks of cholera, typhoid, bubonic plague, and economic difficulties, The Infants’ Home evolved as the needs of young children and families continued to change.
1970s - 1980s
Adapting to change
In the 1970s, The Infants’ Home was the first organisation in NSW to accept Commonwealth funding and provide long day care for children from single parent families, and later for children where both parents worked or studied. This was the first step in reducing The Infants’ Home’s intake of children into residential care. Long day care provided a practical alternative, allowing families to stay together. Pilot schemes for family day care in five municipalities were launched so mothers could care for small groups of other people’s children in private homes.
A post-natal care service was established in the 1980s. Known as the Sydney Hope Family Cottage, The Infants’ Home provides support and advice to enable families to confidently manage the many challenges of parenting.
The mid 2000s - 2018
Innovation and expansion
Starting in the mid 2000’s The Infants’ Home began to offer speech pathology and occupational therapy to children with additional needs, a new early education and care centre opened to meet demand and The Infants’ Home’s family day care service was renamed Family Day Care Sydney Wide, servicing the Inner West, Randwick and South Sydney, Mosman and the St George Area.
In 2016 The Infants’ Home were honoured to win the Excellence In Building Inclusion Award at the HESTA Early Childhood Education and Care Awards, in recognition of our holistic approach and innovative strategies to embed and promote inclusion across the entire organisation.
In 2018 Family Day Care Sydney Wide was recognised with the Perpetual Service Star Award in the Excellence in Family Day Care Awards.
About requesting a search of our archive
The Infants’ Home operated as a residential facility, continuously, from 1874 to the mid-1970s; our historical records comprise a vast resource of thousands of individual and collective records of children and mothers who spent time in the facility. Our historical records (1874–2002) are stored at the State Library NSW and are inaccessible to the public for privacy reasons. The Infants’ Home provides a free records search service for past attendees and their families.
To launch a records search please either contact us or complete the request a record search on this page.
To learn more about what’s involved in a records search request please download our factsheet.
Request a record search
Please ensure you provide all the necessary information asked in the form. Our records search staff member will contact you for more information as required, as well as a copy of identification and signed permissions.